Gestational diabetes during pregnancy

Gestational Diabetes During Pregnancy

Gestational diabetes is diabetes found during pregnancy. If a woman has gestational diabetes, both she and her new baby have a lifelong risk of becoming a type 2 diabetic. A woman with gestational diabetes is still “pre-diabetic” even after her baby is born. In many women, this can be prevented with a healthy diet and regular exercise, but others may need additional treatment.

Once You Go Home After your Baby is Born

  • Remember to keep checking your blood sugars and keep a log for your next doctor’s visit.
  • Keep your follow-up appointment with your Obstetrician/Gynecologist (OB-GYN).
  • Take a two-hour glucose tolerance test 6 to 12 weeks after delivery.
  • Consider breastfeeding for six to nine months; it could reduce your and your baby’s risk for type 2 diabetes.

The Early Postpartum Days and Beyond

  • Tell all of your doctors that you had gestational diabetes. Also tell your child’s doctor that you had gestational diabetes.
  • Make healthy food choices for you and your family, such as eating fruits and vegetables, fish, lean meats, dry beans and peas, whole grains, and low-fat or skim milk, and cheese. Eat smaller portions and choose water to drink.
  • Be active at least 30 minutes, five days per week to help burn calories to lose weight.
  • Try to reach your pre-pregnancy weight 6 to 12 months after your baby is born.
  • One year after your baby is born, you should have a repeat 75 gram oral glucose tolerance test with insulin.
  • Talk to your doctor if you plan to become pregnant again in the future. If you plan to become pregnant in less than one year, you should be tested with a 75 gram oral glucose tolerance test before you become pregnant.

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